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eScience 2005
eScience 2006
Science Consolidation

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Title: From E-Science to Grid Computing and Beyond

Speaker: Thomas Fahringer
Institute of Computer Science
University of Innsbruck, Austria

The Grid community has made substantial progress in the area of Grid computing, and yet most success stories are largely limited to e-science. In part, expectations have been raised high by claims that the Grid can meet today's needs for generic, planet-wide distributed computing and delivery of results. Many of these claims have been demonstrated through pilot projects which unfortunately have not achieved lasting influence -- in contrast to what has been envisioned by some Grid researchers.

This presentation will go back to the roots of Grid computing: E-science. We will concentrate largely on the objective to create an invisible Grid for application users and developers.

Many existing Grid application systems provide the application developer with a non-transparent Grid. Commonly, application developers are explicitly involved in selecting software components deployed on specific sites, mapping applications onto the Grid, or selecting appropriate computers for their applications. Moreover, many programming environments are either implementation- and technology-specific, or they force the developer to program at a low-level middleware interface.

For a case study, this talk will describe the ASKALON Grid application development and computing environment, whose ultimate goal is to provide an invisible Grid to application users and developers. Furthermore, this talk will make the case of an interesting alternative research path with the objective to automatically generate workflows based on semantic technologies. Finally an example centered around the development of online-games will be used to illustrate how methods originating from scientific and Grid computing can be applied to meet the needs of industry applications. This example offers renewed hope that future
for the Grid may still be bright.

About the Speaker
Dr. Thomas Fahringer is a Professor of Computer Science at the University of Innsbruck in Austria. He is leading a research group in the area of distributed and parallel processing which develops the ASKALON system to support researchers worldwide in various fields of science and engineering to develop, analyse, optimize and run parallel and distributed scientific applications.

Before joining the University of Innsbruck, Dr. Fahringer worked as an Associate professor at the University of Vienna where his research focused on compiler technology and tools for high performance applications. Dr. Fahringer is a graduate of the Technical University of Vienna with a doctorate in computer science.

Dr. Fahringer was involved in numerous national and international research projects including PPPE, Apart, EGEE 1-2, ASG, K-Wf Grid, CoreGrid and edutain@grid which were all funded by the European Union. His group currently coordinates two EU projects (edutain@grid, EC-GIN). Fahringer has published 3 books, 30 journals and magazines and more than 100 reviewed conference papers including 3 best/distinguished IEEE/ACM

Title: The New e-Science

Speaker: Professor David De Roure
School of Electronics and Computer Science,
The University of Southampton, UK.

In their early years, e-Science and cyberinfrastructure were dominated by heroic science using heroic infrastructures. But now we are seeing researchers across all disciplines taking advantage of new technologies to do new research. Much of this user-centred activity is drawing on the Web as a distributed application platform, with mashups for integration, easy access to resources "in the cloud", and social networking to share the pieces and practice of digital science. As in other walks of life, the new technologies are empowering the individual, a trend set to continue with the increasing power of the multicore desktop. This evolution throws some of our existing approaches, epitomised by the Grid, into question. Adopting a user and application perspective, this talk will present a definition of the New e-Science. It will also discuss how we might create a flourishing ecosystem of scientists, software developers and service providers rather than just a pipeline of

About the Speaker
Prof David De Roure leads the e-Science activities in the School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton. Closely involved with the UK e-Science programme since its inception, he has worked with many disciplines from science and social science to arts and humanities. He is Chair of the Open Middleware Infrastructure Institute UK. An advocate for Web in e-Science, he leads the Semantic Grid Research Group in the Open Grid Forum where he is also an e-Science Area Director, and has led two workshops this year on Web 2.0 and the Grid. He is a member of the Scientific Council of the Web Science Research Initiative.

Title: Reputation Studies – A Grassroots Approach and its Implications for e-Science and Grid Computing

Speaker: Professor Xiaoming Li
Director of Institute of Network Computing and Information Systems, School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science Peking University, Beijing, China

Reputation is an important issue, and has been of interest to many researchers from different areas, including e-Science and Grid computing. This talk will address a specific problem, namely how different reputation models may be mapped onto real systems. This will be exemplified by our work based on Maze, a large-scale, non-commercial, peer-to-peer file sharing system deployed in China by the network lab at Peking University. The talk will first address some aspects of user behaviors in peer-to-peer systems such as Maze. Using the logs collected from Maze, three typical kinds of “negative” behaviors are identified and investigated, namely free riding, whitewashing, and collusion. In addition, we have tested the effectiveness of EigenTrust (a famous P2P reputation algorithm) against real data and have found that EigenTrust has some difficulties in generating proper trust values for certain peers. I will present some measures to resolve these problems.

About The Speaker
Professor LI Xiaoming received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from Stevens Institute of Technology (USA) in 1986 and has since taught at Harbin Institute of Technology and Peking University. He is the director of Institute of Network Computing and Information Systems at Peking University. Under his direction, the institute founded and has been operating the Chinese web archive Webinfomall (http://www.infomall.cn), the search engine Tianwang (http://e.pku.edu.cn), the peer-to-peer file sharing network Maze (http://maze.pku.edu.cn), the distributed lecture video-on-demand system Realcourse (http://realcourse.grids.cn), the programming online judge system Bailian (http://poj.grids.cn), and other popular web channels. He is a member of Eta Kappa Nu, a senior member of IEEE, currently a Vice President of Chinese Computer Federation, International Editor of Concurrency (USA), and Associate Editor of Journal of Web Engineering (Australia). He has published over 100 papers, authored Search Engine – Principle, Technology, and Systems (Science Press, 2005), and received numerous achievement awards from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Beijing Municipal Government, Ministry of Education, and other agencies.

Title: Building the Indian Grid Computing Agenda

Speaker S. Ramakrishnan
Director General
Centre for Development of Advanced Computing


Governments and user-community in Europe, USA and elsewhere in the world have worked on large and small projects for about a decade now in Grid Computing for scientific community, which has now come to be known as e-science. As the next generation cyber-infrastructure for scientific community, it is viewed with great hope and hype! Enterprise vendors and start-ups are also waiting, after some early announcements. Standards process has also been on. And parallel efforts in Web have also progressed, converging with Grid standards efforts. Clearly the eco-system has been emerging, but the critical mass is yet to develop. Local context of each country or community or region has also influenced building of large scale initiatives.

Indian success stories in many sectors in the last decade are too well known – IT, Telecom including mobile, manufacturing as in the case of Auto sector, Finance sector including banking & stock markets, skilled work force, global investments -- to name a few. Clearly economy is booming and there is emphasis on India’s future as a knowledge economy.

From building India’s first supercomputer in 1991, and moving on to successive generations of PARAM systems and facilities since then, C-DAC has been working with the High Performance Computing user community in different fields ranging from Atmospheric sciences and Life Sciences to Earth Sciences, Material Sciences, Astrophysics etc. While various users in academia & R&D have been adding HPC systems, more recently at least three systems from this community have appeared in top 500 list, with one from CRL ranked # 4. Mission agencies and Industries are also beginning to realize the importance of benefitting from HPC systems.

Since end of 2004, C-DAC has embarked on a national grid computing project, funded by Department of IT, Govt. of India, Garuda, with 40 other premier academic and research institutions as partners through a Proof-of-Concept phase. India has also been an active player in the CERN initiative with BARC, TIFR and many other institutions playing eminent role over the last four years. Together, EU-India project has also enabled collaboration between communities across India & Europe.

Given the above, there are many creative conditions to mount a concerted national initiative to build the Indian Grid Computing agenda.

However, any such exercise in presenting a business case has to necessarily contend with:

· How does one fit it in the midst of the cacophony of viewpoints in the evolving grid computing technology context?
· Why should anybody sit up and listen? What can we promise as outcomes and in what time-frames?
· How do we build constituencies or low hanging fruits?

The talk will address many of the above issues keeping the unique context of India in mind, even while benefitting from global experiences and global collaboration.

About The Speaker

Srinivasan Ramakrishnan is currently Director General of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC).

Ramakrishnan was Founder Project Director of ERNET, the National Academic and Research
Network, a collaborative effort of five IITs, IISc, former NCST and DIT (former DoE). ERNET brought Internetworking into the country during 1986-96 and pioneered many milestones in the field of computer networking. Over 800 institutions and 100,000 users were connected by 1996 before the initiative led to a society, ERNETIndia in 1998. It was
rated as one of the most successful UNDP projects in the world. More recently, he represented Government of India at the "Global forum on Internet Governance" held during 25-27 March, 2004 at New York under the auspices of UN ICT Task Force. He did his B. Tech and M. Tech in Electronics from Indian Institute of Technology, Madras wherein he
was a merit scholar and Siemens Prize winner. Later he did PGDBAfrom MDI. He has traveled widely and has presented a number of papers in national and international fora.

Title: IBM initiatives in the area of Deep Computing and Green IT

Speaker: Dr.P .Sambath Narayanan


Computing and Green IT are the two major trends in the computing industry today. IBM has been successfully driving research in these areas. In this talk we will be covering the details of these activities including technology details and breakthroughs.

Specifically this talk will cover Power processors, Blue Gene and power virtualization, Record breaking performance and scalability of some of the benchmarks and applications would be presented.

This talk will also cover IBM initiatives in the area of Green IT. More specifically what is Green IT, What is IBM doing in terms of research and product development and how Humanity in general and customers in particular are benefiting from the Green IT program.

About The Speaker

PhD from IIT Delhi
Currently working with IBM STG lab services, IBM India as HPC and Data Centre Consultant. Prior to IBM, he has Worked in organizations like CDAC, SGI, & Sun Microsystems.
In his role as a technical evangelist he has been covering the AP region
He was instrumental in setting up Technology Centres for Sun.
Has been in the HPC industry for the past 16 years. Has been actively involved in Parallel application development on variety of massively parallel super computers and Shared memory supercomputers.
His another area of specialization include Data management. As an IT specialist , he has architected enterprise data management solutions for major banks and Telcos in India.
He is a regular speaker in technology forums in the areas of Grid, HPC and Data management.

EU-IndiaGrid Presentation

Speaker: Shri P Dhekne

The EU-IndiaGrid project, funded by the European Commission under the Research Infrastructures Programme, aims to make available a common, interoperable Grid infrastructure to the European and Indian Scientific Community, in order to support existing EU-Indian collaborations in eScience and promoting new ones.
The major objectives of EU-IndiaGrid can be summarized as follows:
- To offer an effective answer to the demanding computing needs of several common EU-India research projects, supporting the interconnection and interoperability of EGEE with the Indian Grid infrastructure for the benefit of eScience applications;
- To identify and aggregate actual and potential user communities for the newly implemented common infrastructure and promote its use through a specific outreach and dissemination programme;
- To develop synergies between scientific research and industrial communities, in order to foster the deployment of grid techniques in research and industrial applications within the Indian subcontinent.
As of September 2007, after just one year of activity, the project has already taken significant steps towards supporting the interconnection and interoperability of the major European and Indian Grid infrastructures. Key achievements include:
- Setting up a test-bed for the benefit of EU-India Grid applications and mobilising a hardware infrastructure of about 1200 core processors and 50 TB of disk for the benefit of EU-India Grid applications.
- Creating the conditions for the access to a high speed (1 Gb/s) EU-India intercontinental link for the EU-IndiaGrid research Community thanks to the support of Government of India Department of Atomic Energy.
- Providing Indian researchers with access to the intercontinental Grid Infrastructure, using a temporary Certification Authority through cooperation with Academia Sinica Taiwan (EGEE partner and Regional Operation Centre for Asia)
- Taking concrete steps towards an internationally recognised Indian Certification Authority with C-DAC, spearhead of the GARUDA Indian National Grid Initiative, acting as the selected institution.
- Building a Networked Community of over 450 members from more than 300 individual organisations with very highly qualified players from academic and research institutions, government agencies and commercial organisations.
Transferring knowledge of Grid tools to researchers and scientists, allowing them to use more advanced computing tools and to port applications onto the Grid. Three EU-IndiaGrid Workshops were successfully held in Bangalore, Mumbai and Pune, combining Training Tutorials and Networking Sessions. An additional training event dedicated to gLite site managers was organised in Kolkata. The Conference in Bangalore in December 2007, organised in cooperation with the 3rd IEEE Conference on e-science and grid computing, marks another key networking end knowledge-sharing event for the project.

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